php数据库备份还原类分享

复制代码 代码如下:

<?php
/**
 * 数据库备份还原类
 * @author xialeistudio<admin@xialeistudio.net>
 * Class DatabaseTool
 */
class DatabaseTool
{
 private $handler;
 private $config = array(
  ‘host’ => ‘localhost’,
  ‘port’ => 3306,
  ‘user’ => ‘root’,
  ‘password’ => ”,
  ‘database’ => ‘test’,
  ‘charset’ => ‘utf-8’,
  ‘target’ => ‘sql.sql’
 );
 private $tables = array();
 private $error;
 private $begin; //开始时间
 /**
  * 架构方法
  * @param array $config
  */
 public function __construct($config = array())
 {
  $this->begin = microtime(true);
  $config = is_array($config) ? $config : array();
  $this->config = array_merge($this->config, $config);
  //启动PDO连接
  if (!$this->handler instanceof PDO)
  {
   try
   {
    $this->handler = new
PDO(“mysql:host={$this->config[‘host’]}:{$this->config[‘port’]};dbname={$this->config[‘database’]}”,
$this->config[‘user’], $this->config[‘password’]);
   }
   catch (PDOException $e)
   {
澳门新葡亰网站注册,    $this->error = $e->getMessage();
    return false;
   }
   catch (Exception $e)
   {
    $this->error = $e->getMessage();
    return false;
   }
  }
 }

 /**
  * 备份
  * @param array $tables
  * @return bool
  */
 public function backup($tables = array())
 {
  //存储表定义语句的数组
  $ddl = array();
  //存储数据的数组
  $data = array();
  $this->setTables($tables);
  if (!empty($this->tables))
  {
   foreach ($this->tables as $table)
   {
    $ddl[] = $this->getDDL($table);
    $data[] = $this->getData($table);
   }
   //开始写入
   $this->writeToFile($this->tables, $ddl, $data);
  }
  else
  {
   $this->error = ‘数据库中没有表!’;
   return false;
  }
 }

 /**
  * 设置要备份的表
  * @param array $tables
  */
 private function setTables($tables = array())
 {
  if (!empty($tables) && is_array($tables))
  {
   //备份指定表
   $this->tables = $tables;
  }
  else
  {
   //备份全部表
   $this->tables = $this->getTables();
  }
 }

 /**
  * 查询
  * @param string $sql
  * @return mixed
  */
 private function query($sql = ”)
 {
  $stmt = $this->handler->query($sql);
  $stmt->setFetchMode(PDO::FETCH_NUM);
  $list = $stmt->fetchAll();
  return $list;
 }

 /**
  * 获取全部表
  * @return array
  */
 private function getTables()
 {
  $sql = ‘SHOW TABLES’;
  $list = $this->query($sql);
  $tables = array();
  foreach ($list as $value)
  {
   $tables[] = $value[0];
  }
  return $tables;
 }

 /**
  * 获取表定义语句
  * @param string $table
  * @return mixed
  */
 private function getDDL($table = ”)
 {
  $sql = “SHOW CREATE TABLE `{$table}`”;
  $ddl = $this->query($sql)[0][1] . ‘;’;
  return $ddl;
 }

 /**
  * 获取表数据
  * @param string $table
  * @return mixed
  */
 private function getData($table = ”)
 {
  $sql = “SHOW COLUMNS FROM `{$table}`”;
  $list = $this->query($sql);
  //字段
  $columns = ”;
  //需要返回的SQL
  $query = ”;
  foreach ($list as $value)
  {
   $columns .= “`{$value[0]}`,”;
  }
  $columns = substr($columns, 0, -1);
  $data = $this->query(“SELECT * FROM `{$table}`”);
  foreach ($data as $value)
  {
   $dataSql = ”;
   foreach ($value as $v)
   {
    $dataSql .= “‘{$v}’,”;
   }
   $dataSql = substr($dataSql, 0, -1);
   $query .= “INSERT INTO `{$table}` ({$columns}) VALUES
({$dataSql});rn”;
  }
  return $query;
 }

 /**
  * 写入文件
  * @param array $tables
  * @param array $ddl
  * @param array $data
  */
 private function writeToFile($tables = array(), $ddl = array(), $data =
array())
 {
  $str = “/*rnMySQL Database Backup Toolsrn”;
  $str .=
“Server:{$this->config[‘host’]}:{$this->config[‘port’]}rn”;
  $str .= “Database:{$this->config[‘database’]}rn”;
  $str .= “Data:” . date(‘Y-m-d H:i:s’, time()) . “rn*/rn”;
  $str .= “SET FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0;rn”;
  $i = 0;
  foreach ($tables as $table)
  {
   $str .= “– —————————-rn”;
   $str .= “– Table structure for {$table}rn”;
   $str .= “– —————————-rn”;
   $str .= “DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `{$table}`;rn”;
   $str .= $ddl[$i] . “rn”;
   $str .= “– —————————-rn”;
   $str .= “– Records of {$table}rn”;
   $str .= “– —————————-rn”;
   $str .= $data[$i] . “rn”;
   $i++;
  }
  echo file_put_contents($this->config[‘target’], $str) ?
‘备份成功!花费时间’ . (microtime(true) – $this->begin) . ‘ms’ :
‘备份失败!’;
 }

 /**
  * 错误信息
  * @return mixed
  */
 public function getError()
 {
  return $this->error;
 }

 public function restore($path = ”)
 {
  if (!file_exists($path))
  {
   $this->error(‘SQL文件不存在!’);
   return false;
  }
  else
  {
   $sql = $this->parseSQL($path);
   try
   {
    $this->handler->exec($sql);
    echo ‘还原成功!花费时间’, (microtime(true) – $this->begin) .
‘ms’;
   }
   catch (PDOException $e)
   {
    $this->error = $e->getMessage();
    return false;
   }
  }
 }

 /**
  * 解析SQL文件为SQL语句数组
  * @param string $path
  * @return array|mixed|string
  */
 private function parseSQL($path = ”)
 {
  $sql = file_get_contents($path);
  $sql = explode(“rn”, $sql);
  //先消除–注释
  $sql = array_filter($sql, function ($data)
  {
   if (empty($data) || preg_match(‘/^–.*/’, $data))
   {
    return false;
   }
   else
   {
    return true;
   }
  });
  $sql = implode(”, $sql);
  //删除/**/注释
  $sql = preg_replace(‘//*.**//’, ”, $sql);
  return $sql;
 }
}